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In defense of Alcohol | Making Ethanol Fuel | Ethanol

 

An introduction to producing 
ALCOHOL as a FUEL



We at THE REVENOOR CO. have been in the alcohol producing industry for the last three generations and although we produced and sold an "illegal moonshine beverage", the art of producing alcohol fuel is basically the same.  Alcohol fuel is no more than moonshine whiskey.

Is Alcohol Fuel New?
The first model cars were run on alcohol, as were many tractors and industrial motors.  About that time gasoline became so plentiful and inexpensive that it was not practical to continue the use of alcohol.  Germany fought the remainder of the war with alcohol when their petroleum supply lines were cut off.  As long as there have been races, race cars, stoves, and lanterns, there has been alcohol fuel.

Alcohol - the clean Fuel!
As earlier generations who used alcohol lamps will testify, alcohol burns clean, does not pollute, and can be burned in a closed room without toxic or odor effects - without the need for mechanical ventilation systems.  Because it is such a clean burning fuel, you need not use smog-devices on your engine as you are emitting only carbon dioxide (which is essential for our plant life to produce clean fresh oxygen) and water.  So if you are using only alcohol as a fuel, you can remove your smog devices and recover the power and mileage you have lost by having these devices on you automobile.  Smog devices rob an average 7 % of your fuel.  Alcohol is also widely used in marine stoves, etc. since an alcohol fire may be extinguished with water.

Alcohol burns more completely than gasoline.  You may recall the days when spark plugs were wired to the tailpipes of cars to make flames shoot out the tailpipes.  This occurred because the gasoline was not being completely burned in the engine.  It passed right through the engine and out the exhaust system.

Octane - Prices and Shortages
Do you really think gas prices are going to come down and stay down?  Can you see any reason why they won't keep escalating?  What about shortages caused by foreign oil supplies (by wars)?  Are you prepared to produce your own fuel in the event of another shortage or gas rationing?

This seems to be the decade to "Save the Earth" and most organizations are focusing on subjects pertaining to the things on the earth's surface.  This is and excellent movement.  Now let us take a moment to examine what is happening to our earth below it's surface.  Every day our earth is being hollowed out by the removal of nearly 50 millions barrels of oil.  These oil wells are leaving voids all over our planet, and the oil turned into fuel, and the fuel going up into smoke.  What happens to the vacancy left by the oil?  Some remain vacant holes and others are filled with seeping water.  Many experts agree that the earth's water table is lowered by about three feet each year.  Many also agree that these huge voids or "pockets" are causing settling and movement in the earth more commonly known as "tremors" and "earthquakes".  From Alaska to Mexico there have been many huge quakes and we feel that it is more than coincidental that this coastal area is where so much oil is being pumped out daily.  Everyday there is a hole made in the earth by this 50 million barrels of oil equivalent to a little more than a section (640 square acres or 1 square mile) of land that is ten feet deep.

Most people feel there is nothing they can do to stop the few huge oil barons from destroying our planet.  But at the same time we all support them by buying their products.  They know they can charge whatever price they wish and we will pay it.  During the so called "oil shortage" of 1973, people were actually killed in the gas lines.

There is an Alternative
Alcohol has been a proven product and motor fuel for nearly a century.  It comes from products grown on top of the earth surface.  It is non-polluting.  It emits only CO2 (carbon dioxide) which is essential to plant life, and water, which is essential to most all types of life.  Alcohol has a much higher octane rating (108) than gasoline.

Gasoline emits mostly carbon monoxide which is most commonly known as a fatal poison to most forms of life.  There are very few of us in a position to produce gasoline, but very few of us who can't produce our own alcohol fuel.  Even if we live in the city, we can still produce our own.  Or we can do as we have been and hope we are safe.  But we will let our children and grandchildren pay for what we have left them.

Alcohol and Gasoline (Gasohol)
There are few advantages in mixing alcohol and gasoline together.  If you intend to do so, you will need at least 195 proof alcohol to avoid separation of the alcohol and gasoline.  But 160 to 180 proof ETHANOL used straight is A MUCH



BETTER FUEL.  We urge you to conduct your own simple comparison test by placing a small amount of alcohol and a small amount of gasoline into clean separate containers, and light each fuel afire.  You will notice a difference in the clean blue flame of the alcohol and the dirty yellow flame and the black smoke of the gasoline.  After the two fuels have completely burned and the flame has gone out, take a white cloth or tissue paper and wipe the containers.  There will be no black residue from the alcohol.  After conducting the experiment, can you image the reactions of the public, if alcohol were in use worldwide and filthy gasoline was introduced as a replacement?

What does "Proof" Mean?
One percent alcohol represents two proof of alcohol.  Example: 100 proof is 50% alcohol and 50% water.  Therefore. 160 proof is 80% alcohol and 20% water.

Ethanol versus Methanol
The REVENOOR stills described and offered in the booklet are sold for the production of ethanol (ethyl-alcohol).  Ethanol is made from grains, potatoes, sugar beets, etc.  Methanol (methyl-alcohol) or wood alcohol has only about ⅔'s the BTU's (British thermal units - a measure of energy) as that of ethanol and therefore is a less efficient fuel, as it get less mileage per gallon.  We do not recommend the production of methanol (wood alcohol) in REVENOOR stills without using and extractor or extruder to strain the fermented beer before distillation.  Also necessary to produce alcohol from wood or cellulose is a cooker to precook the cellulose into fermentable sugars.  Usually it is more expensive to produce methanol from wood products than to produce ethanol from grains, etc. with our SOUR MASH method.  Factors to be considered when producing wood alcohol are:  the extra heat costs for the precooking, the added costs of the enzymes or acid, and the higher investment of the necessary additional equipment.  Ethanol made from SOUR MASH is much less complicated.  We are able to build any type of equipment that you may wish to use in relation to production of alcohol.  We suggest that if you are considering using sawdust or wood products as ingredients, you should do some small experiments first to see it will be feasible for you.  An alternative would be to use the wood products for a heat source to produce alcohol.

Alcohol as a Beverage & Water Stills
REVENOOR stills are safe in distilling water for drinking purposes and other uses.  For distilling water, you will need a charcoal filter (listed on the accessories page).  Revenoor stills have also been used as mint distillers as well as distilling different chemicals that react to other metals.  We have had over the years a number of customers who have gone through the extra effort to secure the necessary permits to produce and market beverage alcohol using our copper stills and equipment.  All of our copper stills are able to produce beverage grade alcohol such as Brandies, liquors, whiskey, vodka, etc.  However special care must be taken in the process and of course special permits obtained.

Tax Credits
Alcohol fuel producers may qualify for TAX CREDITS (tax credits come right off the total of you tax liability, not a deduction).  There is up to 60 cents per gallon Federal tax credit for every gallon of fuel alcohol you produce.  A number of states offer further tax incentive on property and income.

Alcohol Furnace Fuel / Greenhouses
Most oil burning furnaces have a carburetor with an adjustable jet that will burn alcohol.  Your furnace filters will very seldom have to be replaced because alcohol is such a clean burning fuel with no fumes.  Alcohol gives of carbon dioxide into the air instead of carbon monoxide.  It is very beneficial to burn alcohol in greenhouses.  Some studies report up to 200% increase due to carbon dioxide and water vapor emission promoting extra growth in plants.

Automobile Conversions
Our "Simple SOUR MASH to Simple Alcohol Fuel " books contains a complete section on this subject, in addition to much more valuable and useful information relating to alcohol.

Sour Mash Method
We used and recommend the SOUR MASH METHOD for making alcohol.  With this method, the mash is not cooked.  This enables you to use your mash over and over.  The process is simple;
1.  You make a "mash" out of corn, grains, potatoes, sugar beats, fruits, etc.  with water, yeast, and a sweetening agent such as molasses.
2.  The mash makes a "beer" during fermentation.
3.  The "still" takes the alcohol out of the beer during distillation.  Only the liquid beer is placed in the cooker using the SOUR MASH method.  This enables you to use your mash over and over.  Cooked mash can be used only once.

If you choose cook your mash using enzymes, all Revenoor stills will work equally well using this method.  Should you decide to precook your mash before fermentation, you will need a cooker in usually an extractor in addition to a still and fermentation vats. The heat cost is higher for precooking.

What about instructions?
We furnish a complete set of instructions in a free copy of "Simple SOUR MASH to Simple alcohol fuel" book and a free copy of our "Revenoor Still Operators Manual" with the purchase of each Revenoor still. Using these two books, you should have no difficulty.  We have customers reporting up to 198 proof one time through, although you would only need 160 to 180 proof to run straight alcohol in your car. 

One Year Warranty
Revenoor stills are covered by limited warranty for one year after date of purchase.  Within this one year from date purchase, the Revenoor will repair or replace your still if it is found to be deficient by reason of defect in either workmanship or and materials.  This warranty will not apply if your still has been damaged in transit, (you should open and inspect your still for damage upon receipt, because the shipper is responsible for damage in transit) if it is damaged from abuse, misuse, negligence, or accident, if it is improperly installed, or in anyway modified.  Should it be necessary for the still to be returned to our factory for repair, transportation cost to and from our factory are the owners responsibility must be prepaid.

Style and capacity of still
Each of the Revenoor stills are designed with a temperature controlled tower or column for added efficiency.  The 5, 10, 25, and 50 gallon stills are solid copper built to last to lifetime.  The 300 and 1,000 gallon stills have a heavy-duty, treated steel cooker and solid copper detachable column.

The gallon size of the still is the cooker capacity. Example, a five gallon Revenoor still holds five gallons of "beer", a 25 gallon still holds 25 gallons of "beer" etc. Each unit is listed with the actual alcohol production rates on the page that describes the still in more detail. As you will notice, the larger stills are more efficient and take considerably less attention.

Safety and maintenance
Revenoor stills are manufactured of very high-quality materials and are completely safe. Each Revenoor still is built with a safety valve and operates on less than one pound pressure. The temperatures for operation are from 173 to 210 degrees. Alcohol doesn't ignite from fumes like gas does, therefore it is much safer than gasoline, although it is a flammable liquid and must be treated as such.

Since you are placing only the liquid in the still, maintenance and cleaning is no problem, as they very seldom need maintenance.  These are very heavy-duty, high-grade solid copper units with silver solder fittings, built to last to lifetime, and need only an occasional washing out.

What size do I need?
When making your decision on which size and type of still you want, you should first decide the amount of fuel you wish to produce. Then decide the type of heat best suited for your area and needs. The average auto uses 800 gallons of fuel per year and a single acre of sugar beats for example would yield about 1200 gallons of alcohol. If you purchase all of your ingredients you can still produce your own fuel for less than the price of gasoline. Each still size is listed with the related equipment following. The following Revenoor stills offered will produce the specified amount of alcohol per run if your mash contains at least a 15 % alcohol content in your beer, and the time element for production is figured from the time the still is up to temperature.

Some folks have more time to produce fuel then do others.  Therefore you may wish to set up a larger plant to produce a lot of fuel at one time and then shut it down until your reserves are running low. Or even keep a larger unit running continuously and sell your excess at a profit.

Assembly
The only tools needed to complete assembly of the REVENOOR five, ten, twenty-five and fifty gallon stills are two 8" to 10" adjustable wrenches.

How soon will I receive my still?
Full payment is due with the order of the REVENOOR five, ten, twenty-five and fifty gallon size stills.  Since some of our customers purchase these units by means of personal check, and the checks are from all over the nation, it sometimes takes as much as three weeks for these checks to clear the bank.  We usually have in stock the 5, 10, 25 and 50 gallon stills ready for immediate delivery, we can ship these stills immediately if certified funds accompany the order.  The continuous system for the 300 gallon and 1,000 gallon stills and related equipment are made to your special order and normally take 30 days before shipping.  We require a minimum 50 % deposit on all special orders to start, and the balance to be received before shipment of order, unless otherwise instructed in a written bid.  On all special orders the 50% deposit must be forfeited if the order is cancelled or not accepted.

Trade-Ins
If you prefer to start out with a smaller unit to get the feel of alcohol production, and then wish to move up to a larger sized unit, we will allow you full price paid on a larger unit.  (Of course your trade-in must still be in good condition so it can be resold.)  However, if you have purchased your still from a dealer, you will have to make arrangements for a trade-in with them.  We also have several units in stock that are trade-ins that are discounted from original price.  These trade-in stills are completely reconditioned, and carry a normal one year warranty the same as a new unit.  Since stock on trade-in stills fluctuate almost daily, it will be necessary to phone or write us for availability.

Prices subject to change without notice!

We hope the information we have furnished you is helpful and we look forward to helping you to be fuel independent.  Some of our customers have purchased units from us and have put them aside for future use or for emergency purposes.  This is also a smart idea for three major reasons.  1.  They beat the rapidly rising inflation factor or price increases caused from raw materials, labor, etc.  2.  The U.S. Government is still issuing free permits and tax credits. And, 3.  They have the unit when they want and need it.

Propane-Fired Stills
All propane models include heating head, and adjustable regulators, with pressure gauge, hose, pilot assembly, thermal couple, and safety shut down.  Also features heat base and copper pre-heater coil with a clean out fitting and flo-valve for maximum efficiency.  The hose fittings are ready to screw into any size propane tank with standard fittings.

Natural Gas
Note:  If you have natural gas available to you, it is normally less expensive to use than propane or butane.  If you wish, we can install natural gas jets in your propane fired still for and additional $10.00.

ALL PRICES ARE F.O.B. factory (unless otherwise stated.)

Included with each Still:

The following high quality accessories are all included with each of the REVENOOR Stills.
Free instruction Manual
Stainless Steel Thermometers
Safety Pop-off Valve
Vinometer (beer Hydrometer)
Hydrometer (for testing proof of alcohol)
Glass beaker
PH test kit
Yeast
A.T.F application form
Heaters (gas or electric)





You will enjoy a lifetime of satisfaction and fun!

Five Gallon Electric $995                                                                                             


Made of high grade heavy duty components with capacity to produce about 2 to 3 quarts of alcohol in an hour.  This model is designed with its own heat source, complete with thermostat,  ready to plug into any 115 volt household outlet.  Includes stainless  steel thermometer in base of still.


Shipping weight approximately 37 lbs.  Approximately 42" high.
Two Stage Columns

The ten gallon and larger units have a two-staged column condenser, for added efficiency.


Ten Gallon Electric $1,395

Highly polished solid copper unit features safety valve, 2 stainless steel thermometers and have their own heat source.  Produces about 1 to 1 gallons of alcohol in 2 hours.  The electric 10 gallon is thermostatically controlled with 115 volt power source to plug into any standard household outlet.  The ten gallon electric has a ball valve drain as standard.  Free instruction books.  Internal solar or steam coils are optional at $350.00 extra.  10 gallon electric is approximately 56" high and shipping weight is 90 lbs. 

Ten Gallon Options - Brass Water Gauge Set: Includes site glass, water ball valves and protection rods $125
REVENOOR 25 Gallon

Comes standard with 2 stainless steel thermometers: one in the cooker and one in the temperature controlled tower for easier temperature monitoring.  This model produces from 3 to 4 gallons of alcohol in about three hours.  It is made of extra heavy duty high grade highly polished solid copper and comes standard with its own propane heating unit and base or electric heating unit.
Includes brass & glass site level

Electric $2395
The 25 gallon electric still has its own self contained heating  unit and is thermostatically controlled.  The unit requires 220 volt electric power with two 30 amp breakers.  25 gallon electric is approx. 66" high with a shipping weight of 150 lbs.

Propane $2870
The propane is approx. 73" high with shipping weight of 170 lbs. 

Options:
Internal solar or steam coils, ready to hook to your solar heat system or steam generator  $350.
Insulation & jacketing with bright aluminum for maximum efficiency  $375.

All Fiberglass Vats
Referred to in the following Support Systems are vertical with open tops and removable lids.  Tanks have a slight taper and will nest inside on another to save you shipping space and costs.  Vats are reinforced fiberglass with special resins and gel coats for smooth, easy to clean surfaces that are extremely long lasting and resistant to some of the harshest of liquids.  All of our fiberglass tanks are a basic light blue in color but can be any color you desire.  Please specify desired color when ordering if different.

SUPPORT EQUIPMENT

Continual Fermenting Systems
25 Gal. Propane w/ Continuous $6520
25 Gal electric w/ Continuous $5995

Continuous system for the 25 gallon still includes;
2 - 110 gallon heavy duty fermenting vats with lids
1 - 110 gallon beer holding vat with lid
1 -  110 gallon heavy duty cooling vat with thermometer
1 -  Bronze piped input and discharge pump with controls and automatic still shut off controls
This system includes all copper pipe fittings, unions, valves, and controls to plumb these vats in tandem to hook directly to your still (no welding or soldering required).  With this system, one fermentation vat will be ready one day and the other the next day.  You will have about three batches to run each day if you have your mash fermenting in consecutive batches.  These three batches will produce about 10 to 12 gallons of alcohol each day.  All fittings are silver soldered.  Includes brass screens in fermentation vats.  System can be completely assembled with 2 adjustable wrenches in just minutes.  System is 3' x 17' but can be turned to any angle with provided adapters.  Maybe "L" shaped for example.  This system does require manual care but will enable you to change batches with the turn of a valve rather than with a bucket and funnel.  System includes electric valve operated by float switch to turn off its power source and water automatically when it has finished its cycle.  Also includes ball valves that open or close with just a quarter turn of a handle which makes it readily visible whether a ball valve is opened or closed.

25 Gallon Continuous System W/O Still $3900

25 Gallon highly polished all Copper Continuous System Option $1,000
Costs per Gallon
We endeavor in this booklet to point out the method and cost factors that we have been able to achieve for producing alcohol.  There are many different ways and method for producing the beer to distill alcohol.  In different parts of the country, materials and prices vary, so we can make no guarantee as to yields, time elements, or prices of finished products and results.

REVENOOR 50 Gallon

Our most popular small plant!

50 Gallon Electric w/bronze pump, motor and controls OR 50 Gallon Propane $3995

Also made of high quality heavy duty copper with brass & glass site-level and safety valve.  Comes standard with insulation and bright aluminum protective jacket and 2 stainless steel thermometers.  An exceptionally productive unit.  Produces about 7   gallons of alcohol in about 4 hours.  The electric model has 240 volt manifold 15,000 watt heat exchanger.  Approx. 89" high.  Shipping weight 275 lbs.

Internal solar or steam coils  ready to hook to your solar heat system or steam generator $485

50 Gallon Still w/6 Vat System $8390

The same as the 25 gallon continuous system except it has 4 fermentation vats. *  Six vat system is 4' x 24' but can be installed to be made in "L" shape with provided adapter. * 4 vats are 250 gallon each, one 110 gallon holding vat & one 110 gallon cooling vat.

50 Gallon continuous system w/o still $4950

50 Gallon highly polished all Copper Continuous System Option $2,750

REVENOOR 300 Gallon
The REVENOOR 300 gallon is for the more serious minded producer, as it produces about 45 gallons every 8 hours.  The cooker is made with 3/16" treated steel to give you year after year of dependable service.  It has a heavy-duty temperature controlled column made of solid copper which is detachable from still for shipment.  There is also a large water-cooled condenser.  Standard equipment includes brass and glass site-level, wood or coal fire-box, insulated aluminum jacket and pre-heating coil for added efficiency.  Also includes 2 built-in stainless steel thermometers and 25 pounds distillers yeast.  Approx.12'4" high.  Shipping weight about 1200 pounds.

Wood-Fired and Propane or Electric $7,995

Propane or Electric Option $650
Electric unit has 240 volt, 40,000 watt manifold heat exchanger with pump.


Internal Solar or Steam Coils ready to hook to your solar heat system or steam generator $650

Continual Fermenting System

For the 300 gallon REVENOOR still to run 2 batches or runs every day, the following system will include.
2 - 1250 gallon fiberglass fermentation vats with lids
1 - 500 gallon fiberglass holding vat with lid
2 - 500 gallon fiberglass cooling vats with lids
1 - 250 gallon fiberglass blending & storage vat with lid
1 - 1250 gallon molasses storage tank with lid
1 - Bronze, gear to gear molasses pump w/motor & controls
1 - Cooling system with heat exchanger


This system includes all copper pipe fittings, unions, pumps, thermometers, valves and controls to plumb these vats in tandem to hook directly to your still.  With this system, you will have 2 batches to run every day if you have your mash fermenting in consecutive batches.  Each batch or run will produce about 45 gallons of alcohol for a total of 90 gallon of alcohol from two batches each day from your 15% (alcohol content) beer.
AREA needed for this system: 500 square feet minimum.

System without Still $19,900
Note:  This system can easily be totally automated to nearly eliminate labor and increase production.  But, since this requires most of the same equipment and automation devices found in the 1,000 gallon automated system, you may wish to consider the larger unit.  The installation costs are nearly the same.

The REVENOOR 1,000 is designed to fit most of the fuel needs for both farm and industrial size operations.  This model produces about 150 gallons of alcohol in a period of about 12 hours.  The cooker is made of treated " steel with all extra heavy-duty components.  The standard model includes a temperature controlled tower, circulating water cooled condenser and insulation with aluminum jacket for added efficiency.  Also standard are the brass & glass site-level, the solar or steam internal coils and ball valves.  Comes with 2 built-in stainless steel thermometers, all instruments and a 40 pound container of distillers yeast.  Column is made of copper and is completely detachable for shipment.  Approximately 16'6" tall with a shipping weight of about 3,000 pounds.



Wood Fired and Propane or Electric $12,850

Propane or Electric Option $900
The Electric model has a 240 volt 60,000 watt manifold heat exchanger with pump.
Manually Operated Continual Fermenting System

For the 1,000 gallon REVENOOR still to run 2 batches or runs every day, the following system will include:
4 - 1250 gallon fiberglass fermentation vats with heating unit and lid included
1 - 1250 gallon fiberglass holding vat with lid
2 - 1250 gallon fiberglass cooling vats with lids
1 - 500 gallon fiberglass blending & storage vat with lid
2 - 1250 gallon molasses storage tanks with lids
1 - Bronze, gear to gear molasses pump w/motor & controls
1 - Cooling system with heat exchanger





This system includes all copper pipe fittings, unions, pumps, thermometers, valves and control to plumb these vats in tandem to hook directly to your still.  With this system, you will have 2 batches to run every day if you have your mash fermenting in consecutive batches.  Each batch of run will produce about 150 gallons of alcohol for a total of 300 gallons of alcohol from two batches each day from your 15 % (alcohol content) beer.
AREA needed for this system:  1200 square feet with 16'6" ceilings.

System only $42,900


1,000 Gallon Solid Copper

1,000 gallon solid copper still made with 3/16" thick high-grade copper, with a detachable copper column for an additional $4,500

Automatically Operated 1,000 Gallon Turn-Key System
A typical REVENOOR alcohol production plant using a 1,000 gallon size still and equipment for an operation that is almost completely automatic.  It will produce about 300 gallons of alcohol every day, seven days a week.  This system includes a 1,000 gallon still, 6 fermentation vats, 2 cooling vats, 2 holding vats, and 6 molasses vats.  (These are all 1250 gallon, high quality, special resin fiberglass vats with removable lids, electronic level sensors and stainless steel motor valves.)  There is also a 500 gallon fiberglass alcohol blending & storage vat with pump.  Includes one gear to gear bronze molasses pump hooked into the molasses vats.  Also included is a state of the art controller, and all pumps, plumbing and wiring to make the system "turn key" in your building.  Includes complete parts package, water purification system, primary & secondary heat exchanger.

$106,740

The installation and set-up charge is on a "quote basis", due to the many variables from one locale to another, but seldom runs over $25,000.00.  The building required for this size an operation should be about 24' x 40' with 16'6" ceiling with automatic vet fans on each end.  It should be also be insulated and have a concrete floor, which is sloped to the center and drained.  You will also need a 200 amp disconnect and fresh water supply.

Blueprints, Photos & Engineering Fees
Additional information is available on our 1,000 gallon and modular 1,000 gallon systems.  When ordering, please indicate production requirements, most economical feed stocks in your area, least expensive or accessible heat source, average in ground water temperature during summer and winter months, average ambient temperature during winter and winter months.  We also need to know what related equipment or buildings you have now or plan to have available to work with the system.  Remember, these prints are tailored to your specific needs and the more information you can give us the better they will apply to them.  Please send $7,500.00 for a complete set of layout blueprints, space and utility requirements.  This $7,500.00 fee is 100% refundable when applied to the purchase of any 1,000 gallon system.

Specialty Manufacturing
We will construct an alcohol plant for you to meet your specifications and designs from your blueprints or drawings.  Or we will build any part of it for you.

Micro-Breweries
We are also able to construct the equipment for Micro-Brewery for in house beer brew pubs, including COPPER cookers, etc.  Call or write for price quotes.

Give us a call if we can be of service to you.

Hazardous Waste Units
We now have available distilleries that will reclaim and purify waste solvents, thinners and acetones, etc.  These are stainless steel units built to last a lifetime.
We have two basic units:

A 15 gallon model which processes 15 gallons of waste in about 2 hours, or a 110 gallon unit which takes about six hours processing time.

These stills will also produce alcohol in addition.  Both models come standard with insulation and bright aluminum jacketing for maximum efficiency. 

15 Gallon $ 4,000

110 Gallon $ 8,500

The units usually pay for themselves in less than a year.
 
Our own book on The Alcohol Industry:

Over 60 years alcohol production and research experience are reflected in...
Simple SOUR MASH to Simple Alcohol Fuel.  Our new book contains 208 full 8 " by 11" pages on sour mash and other mash-making procedures, fermentation, auto conversion, latest tax credits and incentives and much, much more.  Only $40.00 including shipping and handling.

Make money order or checks payable to: The REVENOOR Co.
P.O. Box 602
Yamhill, Oregon 97148

Commercial Turn-Key Systems
We at THE REVENOOR not only build the small distillation units featured in this booklet, but we also provide tailor made systems for the large and super large commercial alcohol producers, (up to 40,000,000 anhydrous gallons alcohol per year).

If your needs require over 1,000,000 gallons of anhydrous alcohol per year, we will provide you with a complete turnkey system which includes all distillation equipment such as;
1. Vacuum operated stills
2. Fermentation Vats
3. Cooling Vats
4. Holding Vats
5. Storage Tanks
6. Water Purification Systems
7. Pumps and Motors
8. Auger, Conveyors, Hammer Mills or Feedstock processing equipment
9. Energy efficient Grain Dryers
10. Anhydrous Columns
11. All plumbing & electrical
12. Insulated metal building with concrete floors, restrooms, office and lab space
13. Start-up and training
14. Computerized & completely turnkey

The cost for a plant to produce one million gallons of anhydrous alcohol per year would be only $1,900,000 for this complete system, using all top quality components and equipment.  This price is comparable to other incomplete plants costing up to $3,500,000 that will produce the same one millions gallon of alcohol per year.

These systems will completely pay for themselves in 12 to 18 months, and after you are shown the energy tax credits that are still available, you will be astounded by your net profits.  The secret to our lower prices; simple equipment and procedures from a company that knows what they are doing!  Call or write today so you too can get started in this exceptionally lucrative venture!  Prices good anywhere continental U.S.A.  Prices do not include real estate or permits.

Alcohol Productions Costs

USING REVENOOR ALCOHOL PRODUCTION EQUIPMENT
Ethyl Alcohol or ethanol is the product of a yeast waste.  The basic nutrient for yeast to produce this waste or ethanol is sugar.  It is agreed upon by all leading alcohol producers that it takes (in the proper environment) one pound of sugar to produce a half pound of alcohol.  We believe that because of the world sugar market in its surplus state, causing low sugar prices that producing alcohol is the most feasible method of alcohol production at this time.  Our more than sixty years of experience supports our theory.

Processing corn is a common but expensive method which requires the use of commercial enzymes and very expensive equipment both to purchase and operate to produce alcohol, when corn or other grains are processed for alcohol production, the corn is ground to expose the starch, then the starch is broken down into sugar and then fermented to produce approximately 2.6 gallons of alcohol per bushel of corn or grain.  This takes a tremendous amount of heat and energy.  We believe in natural fermentation where the "mash" produces its own heat.  We also believe that molasses is an excellent source of sugar and very much in surplus.  Present market prices of molasses is about $65 per ton for 48 to 54% sugar content molasses in bulk, (source:  Midwest Agri-Commodity Corp.  Their head office is in Corte Madera, California, phone, 415.924.4633, with branches nationwide.)

Using natural fermentation, corn is also used but only in a cracked, not ground state.  The corn is used over and over (about 6 times) while the natural enzymes convert the starch into sugar and ferment.  Therefore most of the alcohol comes from the available sugar in the molasses while the corn supplies an added nutrient to the environment of natural fermentation.  This will allow the corn to produce its 2.6 gallons per bushel but much slower.

The following are the costs of producing alcohol from a REVENOOR CO. sixteen thousand gallon still ethanol plant.

Sixteen (1,000 gallon) still produce approximately 1.7 million gallon annually of anhydrous alcohol based on 350 days per year.

PROJECTIONS OF EARNINGS & COSTS OF GOODS SOLD for ALCOHOL PLANT consisting of SIXTEEN - 1,000 gallon REVENOOR CO. Stills and related equipment.

PRODUCTION from sixteen 1,000 gallon stills = 4,860 gallons per day (24 Hours) or 1,700,000 gallons per year (350 days) of anhydrous alcohol.

INCOME
1,700,000 gallons @ $1.48 per gallon* $ 2,516,000.00

Sale of Dried Distiller's Grain @ $131 per ton         74,234.00
____________
Gross Income $ 2,590,234.00


COSTS Per gallon Total
Molasses $ .78 $ 1,326,000.00
Corn (as a nutrient) .08       136,000.00
Natural gas (heat source) .07       119,000.00
Upgrade alcohol to anhydrous .08       136,000.00
Yeast .02         34,000.00
Electricity .02         34,000.00
Water (50 gallons per minute) .01         17,000.00
Sewer .004           6,800.00
Labor (2 men ea/ 3 shifts) .064       108,800.00
Administrations supervisor .018         30,600.00
Insurance .007         11,900.00
Miscellaneous including repairs and maint. .02         34,000.00
__________ ____________
Total costs        $ 1.17 $ 1,994,100.00

Net Profit = cost from income =       596,134.00

Add 60 cents per gallon tax credit $ 1,020,000.00

Plus possible investment tax credits ?

Total profits and tax credits $ 1,616,134.00

Production cost may vary from one location to another.

The most efficient application for 1,000 gallon stills is by placing them in groups of four.  Each group of four - one thousand gallon still produce about 425,000 gallon per year.

See Next Page

Note: * The marine fuel industry is retailing alcohol for $8.00 to $12.00 per gallon.  These are numerous other outlets for alcohol that have a higher market value than $1.48 per gallon.

ALCOHOL for CHEMICAL manufactures.  For instance, alcohol and lye go into paint remover.  Alcohol is used in antifreeze, perfumes, etc.

ALCOHOL for use in TRACTOR TIRES.  We know of a tractor dealer who has used alcohol in his tractor tires for ballast for about 20 years.  He used to use calcium, but whenever he had a flat, the wheels would be corroded, pitted, and rusted when he removed the tire.  He discovered that by using alcohol as a ballast instead, the wheel would be clean, uncorroded and unpitted when he removed the tire.  He has been buying 15 barrels a year from a chemical company and paying a $5.00 per gallon.

Most people are surprised at the many products that alcohol is used in, such as alcohol and coal for synthetic rubber, and the uses in other sorts of manufacturing for cleaning, etc.

Added Bonuses!
REVENOOR Still have temperature controlled towers that are water cooled.  As a result you have a certain amount of hot water discharged from the cooling coils.  This is usually fresh water flowing through sanitary tubes and excellent for use in heating buildings, green houses, spas, swimming pools or wherever hot water can be used.  The amount and temperature of water depends on the size of the still and the proof of alcohol produced.  Example: a 1,000 gallon still making 170 proof alcohol will discharge about 150 gallons of 120 degree F. water per hour.  If you can utilize this hot water, the cost of your alcohol will come down accordingly.

Another factor is the value of the used mash.  If using grain, you will find that the used grain has almost doubled in protein after the alcohol has been taken out and left an excellent animal feed high in protein, pre-softened and broken down for easier animal digestion.  The Distillers Grain has even been used to make high protein ( up to 40%) bread.  The value and use of this grain brings your alcohol production cost down.  There are cases where farmers loan their grain to a distiller because they get a much better feed back.

Accessories

ALL PRICES INCLUDE SHIPPING & HANDLING

 0 to 200 proof alcohol hydrometer $16.00
(To test alcohol proof after distilling)

Glass Beaker with stand $16.00
(To use as a container for alcohol testing)

Beer Hydrometer (Vinometer) $10.75
(To test alcohol content of beer before distilling)

Charcoal Filter with Brass Fittings $27.95
(For filtering out impurities or distillate oils, if you
 intend to distill water in your still, this filter is needed)

Highest Quality Stainless Steel Thermometer $45.00
With " m.i.p threads (Included w/each still)
Sold separately at this price

Distillers Active Dry Yeast (1 lb bag) $17.95

Ph Testing Kit (100 strips in Vile) $5.50

Fermentation Lock $ 7.50

Automotive Alcohol Fuel Preheater $85.00
(Solid Copper complete w/all fittings.)
Many people also use these units to preheat
gasoline for extra mileage increase.

Brass & Glass site level gauge $75.00
With protection rods

http://www.revenoor.com



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