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Wednesday, 5 March, 2003
UN warns of future water crisis
The world's water crisis is so severe it could take almost 30 years
to eradicate hunger, the United Nations says.
A world short of water cannot grow enough food for all
Planet Ark : Water crisis to deepen as supplies dry out - UN
Water crisis to deepen as supplies dry out - UN
FRANCE: March 6, 2003
PARIS/TOKYO - World water reserves are drying up fast and booming
populations, pollution and global warming will combine to cut the
average person's water supply by a third in the next 20 years, the
United Nations said.
Tackling world's water crises would cost up to US$100 billion a year,
says U.N. official
Thursday, March 06, 2003
By Kenji Hall, Associated Press
TOKYO - Most of the world's water crises can be resolved but would
require political will and spending from US$50 billion to $100
billion a year, the United Nations' top envoy on water issues said
UN: World Water Crisis Due to Leadership Inertia
PARIS, France, March 5, 2003 (ENS) - A global water crisis of the
future is taking shape today, due to "attitude and behavior
problems," on the part of national leaders, says a report made public
today written jointly by all United Nations agencies that deal with
water. "This crisis is one of water governance, essentially caused by
the ways in which we mismanage water," the agencies report.
MSN India - News Section
India ranked 120th in water quality
New Delhi (Mar 6): India has been ranked a poor 120th for its water
quality in the United Nations system-wide evaluation of global water
resources today. Only Morocco and Belgium are ranked lower.
World: Water Privatization Under Fire
Inter Press News Service
March 10, 2003
Privatization of water services has had negative consequences in many
countries, says the environmental network Friends of the Earth
International, which urges global resistance to the commercialization
of this essential resource.


The World Water Assessment Programme, together with other partners,
is developing the World Water Portal, to provide access to a wide
body of water information to serve decision makers, water managers,
technicians, and the public at large. Before going global, a
prototype water portal has been developed for the Americas to test
ways of sharing information among local, national and regional water
organizations. Visit:

Visit the World Water Day 2003 website at:


World Water Development Report
World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP)| The UN World Water
Development Report (WWDR)

The UN World Water Development Report - Water for People, Water for Life

A collective UN input

The World Water Development Report (WWDR) is a periodic,
comprehensive review giving an authoritative picture of the state of
the world's freshwater resources, and aiming to provide
decision-makers with the tools for sustainable use of our water.

The World Water Development Report : Water for People, Water for Life
Click here to order a copy: sale online at UNESCO Publishing Price:
49.95 euros or 49.95 US $

Available online:
>>> The WWDR Table of Contents

>>> The WWDR Executive Summary (7 languages)

>>> The WWDR Facts & Figures

Coordinated by the World Water Assessment Programme, the Report is
the result of the collaboration of twenty-three UN agencies and
convention secretariats and lays the foundations for regular,
system-wide monitoring and reporting by the UN, together with
development of standardized methodologies and data.

The first edition of this report, Water for People, Water for Life,
will be launched on World Water Day (March 22nd) at the Third World
Water Forum in Kyoto, Japan.

Measuring progress since Rio

The World Water Development Report is part of an ongoing assessment
project to measure progress towards achieving the goal of sustainable
development formulated at Rio in 1992, and the targets set down in
the UN Millennium Declaration of 2000. The international community

* to halve by 2015 the proportion of people who are unable to reach,
or to afford, safe drinking water; and

* to stop the unsustainable exploitation of water resources, by
developing water management strategies at the regional, national and
local levels, which promote both equitable access and adequate

How far have we come towards meeting these targets? Perhaps more
importantly, how far have we yet to go, and what can we do to hasten
our way? Ten years after Rio, it is time to take stock.

Contents of the Report

Generously illustrated with more than 25 full-colour global maps,
numerous figures (diagrams, pie-charts), tables (including country
tables) and photos, the report opens with a chapter describing the
water crisis. It then:

* Reviews progress and trends.

* Proposes methodologies and indicators for measuring sustainability.

* Assesses progress in 11 challenge areas, including: health, food,
environment, shared water resources, cities, industry, energy, risk
management, knowledge, valuing water and governance.

* Presents seven pilot case studies of river basins representing
various social, economic and environmental settings.

Each chapter ends with a comprehensive list of related references, as
well as useful web sites. The book is completely indexed, and
includes in the annexes a list of the main global assessment

WWAP challenge areas

Based on 8 of the 11 challenge areas that structure the World Water
Development Report (WWDR), these are fact sheets, illustrated by
figures extracted from the WWDR:
- Meeting basic needs
- Protecting ecosystems
- Water and cities
- Securing the food supply
- Water and industry
- Water and energy
- Managing risks
- Sharing water

Organized around the eleven challenges identified by the WWAP, this
short document provides you with major water-related facts and

Milestones: from Stockholm to Kyoto: This document lists thirty years
of international conferences and agreements, reporting on
water-related policy progress. It provides links to the official
texts and quotations illustrating the major advances regarding
sustainable development and management of water resources.
WWAP | The UN World Water Development Report - Table of contents


Table of contents

Part I: Setting the Scene

Part I presents the background, starting with an introduction to the
water crisis in its many shapes and forms. It then provides a glimpse
on the milestones on the long policy road that has brought us to
where we stand today, and proposes some tools to help us assess our
progress towards building a better future.

Chapter 1 - The World's Water Crisis
Chapter 2 - Milestones
Chapter 3 - Signing Progress: Indicators Mark the Way

Part II: A Look at the World's Freshwater Resources

Solid, vapour and liquid, water is diverse by its very nature. For
the Earth 's inhabitants, this diversity also means great disparities
in well-being and development. This part provides a brief look at the
current state of freshwater, in all the world's regions.

Chapter 4 - The Natural Water Cycle
Lead agencies: UNESCO and WMO

Part III: Challenges to Life and Well-Being

This section explores the ways in which we use water and the
increasing demands we are placing on the resource. [Further details
on these challenges are available online]

Chapter 5 - Basic Needs and the Right to Health
Lead agency: WHO
Collaborating agency: UNICEF
Chapter 6 - Protecting Ecosystems for People and Planet
Lead agency: UNEP
Collaborating agencies: UNECE / WHO / UNCBD / UNESCO / UNDESA / UNU
Chapter 7 - Competing Needs in an Urban Environment
Lead agencies: UN - HABITAT
Collaborating agencies: WHO and UNDESA
Chapter 8 - Securing Food for a Growing World Population
Lead agency: FAO
Collaborating agencies: WHO / UNEP / IAEA
Chapter 9 - Promoting Cleaner Industry for Everyone's Benefit
Lead agency: UNIDO
Collaborating agencies: WHO and UNDESA
Chapter 10 - Developing Energy to Meet Development Needs
Lead agency: UNIDO
Collaborating agencies: WHO / UNEP / Regional Commissions / World Bank

Part IV: Management Challenges: Stewardship and Governance

This section examines the ways in which the competing needs, uses and
demands elucidated in the previous part might be met. It discusses a
few of the any tools available to decision-makers and communities to
help them mould policy and practice so as to encourage an efficient
and equitable use of the resource. [Further details on these
challenges are available online]

Chapter 11 - Mitigating Risk and Coping with Uncertainty
Lead agency: WMO
Collaborating agencies: UNDESA / UNESCO / WHO / UNEP / ISDR / CCD /
CBD / Regional Commissions
Chapter 12 - Sharing Water: Defining a Common Interest
Lead agency: UNESCO Collaborating agencies: Regional Commissions
Chapter 13 - Recognizing and Valuing the Many Faces of Water
Lead agency: UNDESA
Collaborating agencies: UNECE and World Bank
Chapter 14 - Ensuring the Knowledge Base: A Collective Responsibility
Lead agencies: UNESCO and WMO
Collaborating agencies: UNDESA / IAEA / World Bank / UNEP / UNU
Chapter 15 - Governing Water Wisely for Sustainable Development
Lead agency: UNDP
Collaborating agencies: FAO / UNEP / UNCBD / Regional Commissions

Part V: Pilot Case Studies: A Focus on Real-World Examples

This section checks the accuracy of the big picture on the basis of
snapshots of water in the field. Seven case studies are presented
here, to observe the effectiveness of different approaches to
integrated management and to test our indicators for measuring
progress. [Further details on these case studies are available

Chapter 16 - Chao Phraya River Basin, Thailand
Office of Natural Water Resources Committee of Thailand (ONWRC)
Chapter 17 - Lake Peipsi/Chudskoe-Pskovskoe, Estonia and the Russian Federation
Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia, and the Ministry of the
Environment of Estonia
Chapter 18 - Ruhuna Basins, Sri Lanka
Ministry of Irrigation and Water Management of Sri Lanka
Chapter 19 - Seine-Normandy Basin, France
Water Agency of Seine-Normandy (AESN, Agence de l'Eau Seine-Normandie)
Chapter 20 - Senegal River Basin, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal
Organization for the Development of the Senegal River
(OMVS, Organisation pour la Mise en Valeur du Fleuve du Sénégal)
Chapter 21 - Lake Titicaca Basin, Bolivia and Peru
Binational Autonomous Authority of Lake Titicaca
(ALT, Autoridad Binacional del Lago Titicaca Perú-Bolivia)
Chapter 22 - Greater Tokyo, Japan
National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management - Ministry
of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Japan (NILIM-MLIT)

Part VI: Management Challenges: Stewardship and Governance

This section concludes the Report by putting together the pieces that
make up the giant puzzle of factors contributing to today 's global
water situation. Many country tables are included in the chapter.

Chapter 23 - The World's Water Crisis: Fitting the Pieces Together

List of UN assessments


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