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Archive for February, 2011

LED Grow Lights – Do’s and Don’ts

First, when it comes to growing with LED lights it’s important to know what the light you are using is made of. The wattage of LED, the angle of the lens, and the total wattage consumed by the light. These factors paired with the intensity of the light will determine the best method to follow when using your new LED grow light.

Determining Color and Power of LED Grow Lights

Let’s start with the type of plant and light intensity you desire first. Vegetative types of plants like lettuce or spinach do not need as much intense light to grow. If you are growing flowering and fruiting plants you will need a very intense light with a strong emphasis on red colors. Flowering plants can be hard to grow with LED grow lights if the light uses very cheap 1w LEDs and a wide angle lens (120 degrees) which makes the light spread out and drastically reduce the intensity of the light. Flowering plants should have as much light as possible and usually do much better under all 3w LEDs with a 90 degree lens. With this type of high intensity LED grow light, flowering plants are grown best with the light hung about 18 inches above the plant canopy.

If you have cheap low wattage 1w LEDs with the traditional 120 degree lens you will want to hang the light no higher than 6 inches above the plant canopy in order to produce results. If you have less than 1w/LED of in your lights then I would suggest only using them for vegetative growth, seedlings and clone transplants. These cheap low wattage LED grow lights are not all they are claimed to be and usually will result in a frustrated grower with little to show for a harvest.

Using Light Movers with LED Grow Lights

Another factor in growing with LED grow lights is side light and light movers. LED grow lights are directional lights that focus their light in one direction. If you add some florescent lights to the side of your garden you can see proportional benefits in harvest without much of an increase in your wattage or cost per unit of harvest. Light movers with high powered LED grow lights work great to increase the number of leaf sites that receive intense light and will allow your plants to fill out more evenly. Remember though to check your lights specifications regardless of side lights and light movers because if your wattage or lens angle is weak you will need to be much closer or not use those cheap lights on your flowers at all.

The #1 Rated 3w LED Grow Lights

If you are looking for a great place to find high intensity LED grow lights with all 3w LEDs and 90 degree lens angles then check out Advanced LED Grow Lights. They have the best LED grow lights money can buy and they back it up with a 90 day risk free guarantee. They also sell many custom LED grow lights and small LED lights they call SpectraBoost LEDs to add certain colors to your garden.


MicroHydro Power Calculator

Micro hydro can be a very powerful energy source, if your location can support it. Basically it comes down to how much head (difference in elevation) you have, and flow (gallons per minute). We have an example where there are two ponds, one spring fed, and 20 feet higher than the other. By putting a set of barrels under the overflow pipe, we have found that we are getting about 200 gallons per minute. Visit to plug in your site variables to see how much power you can produce. More info on Micro Hydro at


Food Shortage Series Part III – The Financial Storm Strengthened by Food Shortage

Warning: Food Supply & Affordability are Seriously Threatened

by Kellene Bishop

from (used with permission)

Food Shortage Series Part III – The Financial Storm Strengthened by Food Shortage (2/22/2011)

Today I will continue the series of Food Shortage. For starters though I just want to say thank you for the mounds of e-mails I received from persons over the last couple of days begging me and encouraging me to continue with the series. It was almost as if some felt that I had given up on writing this series due to some of the negative comments that were posted in response. Now, now, Folks. You should know me better than that. I don’t scare easily. I do owe you all an apology though. I picked the worst week of the year to launch this series when I knew that I would be swamped with the filming with TLC (The Learning Channel). But frankly, I didn’t want to wait even a week before I started providing the info. (As it turned out, on some of the issues I was only able to give some of you a 48 hour advanced notice before the mainstream news started reporting portions of what I wrote.) As such, I took a leap of faith hoping I could balance the two. You can bet it was a pretty big obstacle I was dealing with if it got in the way, but a worthwhile one nonetheless.

So here we go.

As I mentioned in the first article, this whole nightmare scenario that’s playing out isn’t just about the produce shortage, the wheat and corn shortage. In fact, while I believe that either or those two issues are significant enough to cause some great discomfort to most Americans, I specifically mentioned that we have the makings of a perfect storm brewing, because in addition to all of this, we have a triple whammy factor when the looming financial collapse is thrown into the mix.

For those of you who have not gone back and listened to the Preparedness Radio Show broadcast on how to watch for THE biggest indicator of a looming financial collapse being right around the corner, here’s the link you can go to—download and listen.

There. Now no more complaining. On this particular show I specifically provided a very specific scenario by which you could properly gauge WHEN some of these rough financial times would surface based on some key indicators. Unfortunately, these events have manifested themselves right about the same time as the recent storm hit and froze the produce crops, reliable news got out about China attempting to buy up all of the wheat supplies available, and just following Ben Bernanke’s confession that we were in for another 2 to 3 years of a rough road ahead of us financially.

Two of the most critical matters adding substance to this speeding snowball of challenges is the fact that Mexico’s law which was passed last September is now taking effect in that no businesses are permitted to accept U.S. dollars anymore. Pesos only. Ruh-roh. (You’ll have a better idea of what this means once you listen to the broadcast. This article will be meaty enough without my having to go and recap that.) The second issue will be the revelation of just how much U.S. debt China holds at present.

As an added blow to China and Russia’s flagrant violation of the Petrodollar Treaty, the IMF has elected to back them in proposing a diminishing reliance on the U.S. dollar and more focus on the Yuan and “other currencies.” This is akin to a child seemingly misbehaving only to discover that the guardian was actually instigating the behavior. This is a very, very bad sign for our financial security.

The IMF may continue to refer to themselves as “the lender of last resort” but let’s not kid ourselves. They have been pulling the strings quite adeptly since 1913.Why else do you think that the Federal Reserve got away with giving trillions of dollars of U.S. dollars from the “stimulus package” to FOREIGN NATIONS on the sly? Yup, Big Brother, the IMF definitely had a hand in that. I’ve warned folks many times that the American people are not the employer of the Federal Reserve. The IMF is and that’s exactly who they report to. They simply collateralize their shenanigans on the backs of Americans.

Continuing on…keep in mind that rather than rein in the reckless spending, if the House and Senate approve a measure to keep the present spending limit, then the U.S. will indeed fail to meet it’s obligations on payment of debt and thus would not be able to “borrow their way out” of this scenario that we find ourselves in. Such an action will carry with it no other alternative other than drastically diminishing the value of ever single dollar in print.

There are a lot of financial ills creeping up on us that most do not see, and even if they are reported by the mainstream media, it is done so in such a manner that most do not connect the dots directly to their own bank account. For example, there are actually MORE loans that are ripe for foreclosure than have been filed on at this point. This is as a result of the back log of cases at the major mortgage holders (if indeed they actually hold the original promissory note—but that’s a whole other article). Just as a rock which precariously balances on the end of the cliff, this additional $21 million may be just the problem that brings it thundering down into the deep. For those of you who believe that they banks will just get another bail out, understand that these banks have already had a bail out directly and through their relationships with Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae. There’s only so much carnage that can be hidden folks—even with bailouts that are done with bogus currency and lifeless digits on the computer screen. Just to give you a point of reference, the present load of foreclosures is more than 7.8 TIMES the historical average. Translation, not only is it the highest every, but it’s beat its highest rate in terms of dollars by 7.8 times. Adding insult to injury is the fact that in rough times, Americans usually turn to the one asset they can count on—their home—and attempt to pull equity out in order to stave off tougher times. Aside from the rate of foreclosures in this nation being at an all time high, those who are able to stay in their homes are actually experienced plunging values—thus there is no equity from which to draw! (Frankly I see that as a blessing, but I’m sure many don’t feel that way.)

So with all of that news, does that mean that at least rental properties will increase in value and cash flow? Nope. Why? Because it’s just that bad! Folks aren’t moving into a home and then into an apartment folks. They are doubling up or moving back in with Mom and Dad. Even Deutsche Bank weighed in on this matter showing that rental vacancies are also at a historical high of 11.1 percent of inventories. What this will do is actually drive UP monthly housing payments for those who can afford to get a new mortgage. When combined with the food and fuel cost increases, this means an actual doubling of last years consumer costs! Yup, there’s definitely some head scratching going on in the banking circles. They always have assumed that when times get tough in one market, that the other market (rentals) will increase, but this is not happening.

In an effort to gain greater financial standing, one of our nation’s earliest tyrants, J.P. Morgan and Chase entities have blatantly informed it’s high-browed customers that they would be willing to take gold as payment and collateral for large financial transactions. Morgan and Chase are two of the biggest originators of the Federal Reserve, Folks. If there’s anyone who has an inside scoop on the true state of affairs with our currency, it’s them! This move to gold is simply an indicator that they are playing both sides of the fence—the currency which they feign to believe in so greatly, and the gold which they believe will help them survive any collapse living the high life.

Here’s another little insight, Folks. The U.S. currency is not the only currency that’s being printed without prudence. It is also happening in Japan, EU, UK, China and India. If the other more prevalent monies are being devalued, then not even some savvy trading platform games can bring the dollar back into favor because that which it would normally be hedged against to increase in value is also broaching on valueless paper. Were you aware that if you are a member of the IMF then you are forbidden to use gold-backed currency. Because, you see, if it’s gold-backed, you can’t have reckless inflation! Only fiat currencies can be manipulated out of the hands of the majority and into the hands of the uber-wealthy. (See Article 4, Section 2b of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s Articles of Agreement)

Recently, someone posted incorrect information on the comment section of this blog. (As a policy I don’t permit misinformation to be posted—at the very least without correction.) In an attempt to correct my research, he cited the typical droll numbers put out by the mainstream media which are supposed to reflect the amount of foreign debt held by China and or Japan. Well, Bernanke made an unprecedented move this past month by revealing just how much U.S. debt China really holds—“AT LEAST TWO TRILLION DOLLARS!” This means that China holds at least TWENTY FIVE PERCENT of all of U.S. debt! This is more than DOUBLE the amount of state sanctioned sound bites we typically receive which has recently been reported at “only” 9.5%! Even Nov. 2010’s latest figures showed a paltry $896 Billion held by China. Perhaps now we can all better understand why China manipulated the value of their own Yuan and decided that it has had enough of a love affair with its U.S. girlfriend! Even though Bernanke knows this, he even took a financial beating playing in the China’s market as he was caught off guard with the impact of their market of the global food inflation—caused by China’s shortage. (This is why I was making such a big deal of the fact that China’s been hiding the reality of their drought situation until just recently.)

In 2010, there were more Americans living below the poverty level than ever before. With this series of dominoes falling down, it doesn’t look like 2011 will be an improvement. So far, unemployment and underemployment are to blame. What happens though when the very basic of necessities such as food and fuel are priced out of range for those same persons? Keep in mind that this also means that this same income range are desperately looking for work. Any corporate pencil sharpener knows that if he can get the same work done for 30-50% less in wages, he’ll see an increase in his own bank account. This clearly threatens the jobs held presently by the rest of Americans.

O.K. You have been reading this for the last 5 minutes and your face has turned a bit blue because you forgot to breathe. So please take a deep breath and then ask yourself the most important question. What’s your countermove to all of this? What are you going to do to put yourself in a better position in spite of all of this?

I’ll take a look at that later this week in this series. Til then remember, there’s no such thing as emergency preparedness—that’s an oxymoron. Where there’s peace, there is preparedness.

Backyard Food Production


Food Shortage Series Part II – The Logistics of Supply & Demand

Warning: Food Supply & Affordability are Seriously Threatened

by Kellene Bishop

from (used with permission)

Food Shortage Series Part II – The Logistics of Supply & Demand (2/16/2011)

I’m going to continue with the warning series I began yesterday. I was going to address the economic scene today, but I’ve found some additional information today and think that this topic is more prudent. Keep in mind that this is just ONE component of the Perfect Storm Combination that I’m addressing this week.

Bottom line is that due to the horrific global weather conditions that have hit this past growing season, you need to get your house in order ASAP so that you can actually afford the food and in some cases, get it while it’s even available.

Case in point: While we were all watching the unusual weather transpire during the Super Bowl 2011 (except for my Honey—thank you, Honey) it might have gone unnoticed how such weather would impact the crops that we rely on. I’ve said several times previously in my articles that at present we receive nearly 80% of our essential produce from Mexico. Well, picture this folks, entire crops of Roma tomatoes, asparagus, green beans, cucumbers, zucchini, peppers, and so much more. The numbers that we’re getting back in terms of the amount of crops that were completely destroyed is literally 80-100%! Thus when you go to your grocery store, expect to be hit by double and triple price increases, and in fact, many grocers are reporting increases by the HOUR! In fact, some stores which purchase their mailers and newspaper ads in advanced, are claiming that they won’t even be able to honor their advertised prices! Many of the stores I’ve spoken to all over the U.S. have shared with me that it’s not even a matter of how much an item is. They expect to have NONE of these items until the next crop, specifically your vegetables. Several local chains said that prices have increased 50-300% just in the last 72 hours. (I strongly suggest you stock up on frozen vegetables and to make sure that you’ve got sprouting seeds to replace some of your vegetable nutrients that will be glaringly missing from your plates as soon as this weekend.)

For those of you who think that a vegetable isn’t food, rather it’s what your food eats (yes, that’s my Honey once again—the hardcore committed carnivore) may I remind you that just because you might not eat these things doesn’t spare you from the impact, because when these things are not available, then people will start to cause an imbalance in what the store IS carrying.

Moving on to wheat and corn: To put this simply, may I suggest that you revisit the articles I’ve written in the past about wheat shortages, because I’m sorry to say that everything that I’ve written previously is becoming painfully obvious, except more so.

Here’s a brief summary. Australia, Canada, Brazil, Russia, China, and U.S. have had historically low productions of wheat and corn this past season. Is that a problem? Uh, that would be a YES because Australia WAS one of the largest exporters of wheat. They are now needing to IMPORT wheat in order to feed their nation. The same goes for Brazil, Canada, and Russia. By the way, this isn’t limited to just these nations. There are another 17 such as Egypt, Tunisia, North Africa, Haiti, Cameroon, Bangladesh, and India, which are in dire straits due to flooding, drought, and tornados. The 900 pound gorilla problem though is China. You see, China has really been neither an importer nor an exporter of wheat and corn in the past because they have been producing their own all of these years and storing up a hefty reserve too. Unfortunately though, even their closely guarded state run media has reported that the drought they are suffering is the worst seen in 200 years! And its impact on their crops is literally catastrophic—you know I don’t use that word lightly. Great. This is a big problem because this isn’t the skinny kid who hardly has much of an appetite. This is the FAT KID folks which devours and buys up everything in site to sustain him. Even IF we were only dealing with the other countries disasters we’d have a big problem. But the problem is compounded to dangerous circumstances when China throws its consumption rate and their ability to BUY all that they want or need into the scene. China has never been considered in the supplies that the world has to produce because they’ve always been taking care of themselves. But now…whew.

Let me give you a little bit of perspective here. China is the world’s largest wheat producer. They produce one-sixth of the total amount of the world’s wheat. They produce twice as much grain as the U.S. and five times as much as Australia—who, if you will remember used to be the largest exporter of wheat in the world. They presently have the lowest reserves of wheat that they’ve ever had. This isn’t about them just buying enough to feed their countrymen, folks. This is also about building up their reserves again. In the past they’ve usually stored about half of what they’ve produced for military purposes. Ruh roh!

So, now we have the big fat rich kid buying up as much of the sparse amount of wheat that the world has at present. When you have a limited supply of an essential commodity, you have skyrocketing prices. Yes, this is the age old formula “supply and demand” dictating prices. Right now, Costco has their 25 pound bags of wheat for $13.49. They have made it perfectly clear that that price will increase substantially as soon as the present shipment is gone. What’s substantial? Well, let’s look at wheat right now. (I’ll deal more specifically with China in an upcoming article this week. Wait til we address the economic manipulation that they’ve got going on.)

Wheat commodity prices have increased 80% over the last month. Corn has increased 92%. The UN Agricultural division has warned that this is a serious scenario. Your local grocery stores and restaurants have been pushing back on the price increases in an attempt to buffer the impact, but they simply cannot afford to do so any longer. You WILL start seeing this impact immediately.

Keep in mind that wheat and corn have an impact in nearly every food you purchase. The meat you eat is fed with the grains. Thus the meat will become significantly more expensive in about 6 months as thus far it’s “only” gone up about 6.1 percent from a year ago. Pork, on the other hand has already increased an average of 11.2 percent from a year ago. Dairy is produced by grain-eating animals. Thus you will start to see the dairy prices going up in about 6 months. But your actual grain products will go up significantly. Yes, this is addition to the produce headache we’re dealing with.

In terms of “just how much of an increase we can expect?” Well, even if I could give you hard numbers, I suspect that no ones budget can readily handle an 80-90+ increase in their food budget, not to mention the doubling and tripling of prices. Right? But here’s what I can share with you.

China and India have been battling a surge of food-driven inflation for several months. China has been holding off on this making their news for months! (Remember, they control everything that goes over their broadcast lines.) They’ve been trying to get ahead of price impact. As a result, world banks have raised lending rates well over government-set benchmarks, resulting in an increase to all agricultural and commodity loans. (According to local press reports cited by Bloomberg News.) Across the board, basic foods started surging in price at the start of the year, showing the biggest monthly rise in more than five years. Bread and pasta have increased more in the last month than they have ever in the last two years—even temporarily. Nations all over are concerned that increasing commodity prices will make headline inflation very painful.

Oh, and by the way, China’s drought is also threatening the world’s drinking water supply. But that’s a whole ‘nother article.

Let me state this clearly so that there’s no mistaking the importance of this news. This has NEVER happened before in our history. So, in closing, I firmly believe that it’s time that we start giving ourselves a “pass” on not being more frugal, more focused, in taking measures to stabilize our food budget. I also suggest that you make friends with your window sills, backyards, and patio space and learn to grow your own overpriced tomatoes, asparagus, etc. I also suggest that you learn why wheat is such an important commodity and why it needs to be in your home. There are certainly plenty of articles that I’ve shared in the past on this matter.

Remember, none of this information is intended to incite panic. Please do NOT share it with anyone else in such a vein. It will not help them. Rather share it as some logical, well founded information that is intended to put some action to your best of intentions. I can honestly tell you that with the use of the strategies I share via the Self-Reliance Revolution broadcasts on Wednesday nights, I am not afraid for me and my family. But I am not looking forward to the inevitable tears that I know I will shed on behalf of those I care about as I will have to watch them struggle and suffer unnecessarily. Please, please take this to heart, folks. And sorry to remind you of this, but there are three more articles in store for the rest of this week that will address the other components of this perfectly aligned storm.

Backyard Food Production


Food Shortage Series Part 1 – Overview

Warning: Food Supply & Affordability are Seriously Threatened

by Kellene Bishop

from (used with permission)

Food Shortage Series Part 1 – Overview (2/15/2011)

Why have I not written for several days? Well, believe it or not, it’s not because of the television show that I’ve been preparing to have filmed by TLC, and it’s not because of the extra radio shows lately. It’s not even been a time management issue and fortunately my health has been great. Unfortunately, my delay in posting something worthwhile is because I’ve been struggling with how to share the information I have in such a way that you’ll be motivated to act, as well as those you love, and not do so in a panic. I’ve rewritten 10 pages of content over and over again, and while I stand by the information contained therein, I’ve been concerned about it’s impact—especially since those of you who’ve been reading me for any length of time know that I tend to take the many false alarms I receive nearly daily in stride. By now you know that I loathe the terms “emergency preparedness, food storage and ‘wtshtf or teotwawki’” simply because I believe firmly that preparedness needs to be a methodical, peaceful and deliberate mindset—never to be successfully accomplished in one moment, and certainly not to be pursued solely in fear of some Armageddon-like event. I believe firmly that a daily awareness and effort to create a more self-reliant world is critical in developing one’s ability to endure any other type of crisis. So, before I get into the bit that I’ve been gnawing on for nearly a week, I just want to make sure we’re clear, OK? I do not advocate, nor believe in panic and it won’t do you any good to do it either. OK? All that being said, I’m wasting valuable time in rewriting and rewriting and as of today know that I’ve just got to come out with it and let the chips fall where they may.

Point blank: We are in for some serious trouble with our food supply and consequently our ability to afford it on what we’re presently earning. This trouble isn’t going to manifest itself in a year or two. Nope. We don’t have that much time in this particular area. Rather, it’s headed into our homes no longer than 6 months from now, and more likely to be obvious 6 weeks from now. Unless you’re enjoying an income that can take a 40-50% increase hit in your essential expenses, then I’m certain you will not be spared the impact of this snowball that’s rolling down hill, gaining in momentum and size and it comes right to our front doors.

So, yes, here’s the straight talk, but understand that with a challenge always comes a solution. What can you do, in fact, what MUST you do to endure this pending time well? Perhaps you need to stop giving yourself an unmerited “pass” for not doing more and instead make a concerted, prayerful, and focused effort towards getting your house in order. The good news is that there are still a LOT of viable solutions that will help you to circumvent some of the obstacles that this challenge will present. In fact, while I know that I will not escape it all together, I do know that thanks to prior preparedness efforts, I will not suffer as a result of this first round of challenges. With that said, in the coming week of articles I will give you a close up view of the various parts of the problem and I will give you some suggestions for detailed solutions.

I hope that if you read nothing else I write, you will read this week’s information. To me it causes so many other things in my life to pale in significance—such as who posted what on Facebook, what color I should paint a room, and how much weight I still have to lose before I go on nationwide television. Instead I find myself hoping and praying that I can share the correctly chosen words to cause you to be proactive and to help you share some sound reasoning with those you love as to why they MUST likewise be proactive.

This past Saturday’s Preparedness Pro Radio Show was covering the topic of a global food shortage. Not wanting to alarm anyone or cause a panic, I elected to study this topic extensively. I literally read over 100 different news articles, dozens of blogs written by person’s who are ostensibly “in the know”, viewed dozens of You Tube videos on the subject, and even conducted a few interviews with key personnel who could help confirm or deny if there is an imminent food shortage problem and if so, how severe will it be? I have to say, Folks, that my unwavering conclusion is that we’re in for a very rough ride very soon. As a part of this research, I read portions of several books which shed a more detailed light on some of the other times in the history of the world in which there was a famine, drought, financial collapse, crop destruction, etc. and what the consequences were in response to such scenarios. More importantly, I wanted to trace back through history WHY these trying times occurred. Sometimes it was a cruel act by Mother Nature. In some instances it had to do with warring nations or a dramatic shift in government leadership. Some were created by an overconfident manipulation of a particular market. But I have yet to discover ANY time in history in which ALL of these elements were manifested and associated as an underlying cause of a financial depression. Nope, I’m sorry to report, Folks, but we’ve got the makings of a perfect storm that is going to be very difficult to endure for more than half of the world’s population—that is unless some folks can get a bit more serious in creating a self-reliant world.

So, as far as the 10,000 foot view for the purpose of today’s article here’s the problem. We’ve got a serious GLOBAL shortage of food coming right at us, combined with some serious issues with various OPEC nations defying the “Petrodollar Agreement”, which is also combined with some highly strained financial times. I will lay out the dominoes for you one by one this week, but suffice it to say that ANY problem that could be happening right now, impacting our food supply and our ability to afford it, IS happening right now. The consequences are already in motion and cannot be stopped. All we can do is brace for impact in as much comfort and wisdom as possible. This couldn’t be a more “perfect storm” and the complication I see in that is that it will necessarily trigger some even more serious turn of events which I’ve long discussed and addressed—this is in addition to whatever curve ball Mother Nature has in store for us.

So, in closing let me just say this. Keep an eye out right now for rice, dairy and meat items. If you get the slightest bit of pricing leeway in those items, I would stock up right now. In addition, I would use the sales and coupons, and food co-ops that you have available to the fullest extent. I’d also think twice about that $50 meal at a restaurant and any other non-essential purchase decisions. I have a sneaking suspicion that many of us will live to regret those spending decisions when we’re faced head-on with this giant snowball crashing through our otherwise comfortable lives.

This week I will address the financial crisis that we’re in, the imminent threat of serious food shortages—even right here in the U.S., what China, Mexico and Russia have to do with all of this, and lastly, some solutions which I know will make an impact for you right now! More importantly to you perhaps is that I’m uniquely able to share some insights into this situation by nature of my international marketing and finance relationships. I believe you’ll give credence to what I have to share with you if you’ll diligently read what I’ve got for you this week. So, unless you and everyone you know is all set with everything they need for a self-reliant life, I look forward to seeing you here each day this week as we work out our strategic counter-move for what’s facing us.

See you tomorrow. Remember, peace in preparedness.

Backyard Food Production


What is a rocket stove, and how do I build one?

A rocket stove uses a j shaped fire tube to efficiently convert solid biomass fuel (wood, biomass briquettes, etc.) into heat, with minimal emissions. A rocket heater adds an insulated heat riser, and a radiator, as well as a thermal mass for slowly radiating heat into the surrounding area. A inexpensive unit can be made from cans, or thermal mass units with concrete, brick or cob.

Hermon Heater Plans


Making and Using Biomass Briquettes

A Biomass Briquette is a compressed brick made of agricultural waste, used for heating and cooking. It is very efficient, renewable, and carbon neutral. Common materials are sawdust, charcoal, grasses, and other biological materials. The following links will describe the process, and how to build your own press.

A rocket stove is a efficient way to use them. There are many youtube video’s on rocket heaters, and we have plans at